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Ways to Help Babies and Children to Talk

Here are a variety of free and fun resources to aid language development in early years children. 

Feed Your Little One with Words by NHS Speech and Language Therapist Kirsty Murrel:

Language development in children under 3 years:

Get them Noisy  Get them Chatting

Get them saying Words

Speech sound development in children under 3 years: 

Get them sounding clear

Speech sound development 

Further resources: | Talking Point
Talking Point gives parents/carers and practitioners the information they need to help children develop their speech, language and communication skills.  If you are concerned about a child's speech, language and communication, you can use the Progress Checker as this allows you to review a child's progress in talking, listening and understanding. There is a database of resources and FAQ factsheets for both parents/carers and practitioners.

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Hungry Little Minds

We have created a list of fun and affordable activities and groups suitable for 0 to 5's with a focus on music, the outdoors, language development and storytelling. Follow the link below to see what you can do in Cornwall.

Find a Group to feed their Mind!

  • Hungry Little Minds - Ideas and Activities for 0 to 6 Months

    Simple ideas and activities to try with your child: In your routine Let your baby splash at bath time. Talk about what’s happening and how it feels. Say the same words and do the same actions over and over – things like pouring water on…

  • Hungry Little Minds - Ideas and Activities for 6 - 12 Months

    Simple ideas and activities to try with your child: In your routine Try doing actions that go with what you’re saying – like waving when you say ‘Hello.’ You can do this every morning when your child wakes up.   On the go When you…

  • Hungry Little Minds - Ideas and Activities for 12 to 24 Months

    In your routine At mealtimes, say the names of the foods your child is eating and say what they’re like, using words like ‘crunchy’, ‘squishy’, ‘sour’, ‘cold’, ‘warm’. Give your child choices, so that they can hear and understand more words. For example, ‘Do you…

  • Hungry Little Minds - Ideas and Activities for 2 to 3 Year Olds

    Simple ideas and activities to try with your child: In your routine Do daily tasks with your child. Talk about what you are doing and why you are doing it. When hanging up the washing, you could say ‘The clothes are wet, let’s hang them…

Read more about Hungry Little Minds on the campaign website:

Look, Say, Sing, Play

Right from birth, every time you talk, sing or play with your baby, you're not just bonding, you're building their brain.


Look at what your baby’s focusing on and how they react

Brain-building all starts with taking a cue from your little one. Look to see what they find interesting or funny, copy and react to what they do. You could think of it like a game of tennis – going back and forth between the two of you.

Say what you’re doing and copy the sounds your baby makes 

Talking to your baby, or copying when they babble, is an easy way to build their brain throughout the day. Even talking about simple actions as you do them is a great place to start. Try adding silly voices and use expressions to bring your words to life.

Sing along to your favourite tunes or make up your own

You don’t need to be a karaoke champion to pull this one off. Try using familiar tunes and changing the words to describe things you’re doing. It might take some getting used to, but give it a go and find your groove.

Play simple games and see what your child enjoys

You don’t even need toys for this brain-building skill. Try playing peekaboo, mess about with bubble bath, or even turn sorting laundry into a game! Over time, you can add playful moments throughout the day.

How does brain-building work?

During your child's earliest years, their brain makes 1 million neural connections every single second. Positive, supportive experiences with parents and other adults are important to their brain development. 

But it’s not about just singing or talking at your baby. Brain-building happens when you and your little one are interacting with each other. It’s about taking a cue from them, and reacting to what they’re doing. You could think of it like a game of tennis – going back and forth between the two of you.

We've included some brain-building tips (and the science behind them) below. 

Try this… #LOOK

0-6 months: Place your baby on their back and dangle safe toy just out of their reach. Encourage them to follow the objects with their eyes and head or to reach for them. Comment on how hard they try, “You almost touched the toy!”

6–12 months: Hold the mirror up to your child’s face and ask, “Who’s that baby?” Then say their name. Pull the mirror away and watch them. Do they smile? Wave their hands and feet? Do they reach out for the mirror? Comment on what they’re telling you with their actions.

12–18 months: Go on a colour hunt with your baby. Say something like, “Let’s find all the things in the room that are yellow!” Point out what you find and describe it:, “Here is a yellow book! It has a shiny, smooth cover! We look at books before your nap.” See what interests them and talk about that – children will match colours from 2 years and name from 3 years.

18–24 months: We’re surrounded by words that are ready for reading. Pick signs or posters in the room and read aloud to your child and talk to them about what each means. You can do this as you’re out and about too.

The science bit: These activities help your baby to develop important skills like focus, self-control and persistence. Talking about what you see and read anywhere and everywhere helps them develop a rich, diverse vocabulary. Children need to hear around 2,000 words a day

Try this… #SAY

0–6 months: Get on your baby’s level and look at the world through their eyes. What might they see while lying on their back or tummy? Remember babies vision is only clear from 30 inches (breast to face) and they have limited colour vision. Babies prefer white, black and red and faces. Notice where they’re looking, point at it, and use words to describe what they’re seeing, noticing any little responses they make. Talk about what you see too.

6–12 months: If your child says “Ba,” repeat the sound back to them. Then add on to it, “Ba, ba, ba.” Do they try to copy your sounds? Add a new sound next, “Ba, ba, MA.” Do they notice the change? Do they try to repeat it? Go back and forth repeating each other’s sounds and building on them.

12–18 months: Invite your child to help put items IN and OUT of the box. Say the words IN and OUT to describe your actions and see how your baby reacts as they learn these concepts. You can also do this at home with the laundry!

18–24 months: Make different sounds for each part of their face. Touch their nose and say, “Your nose says ‘beep!’” or say, “Here’s your chin. Pop!” and touch their chin. Then give them a turn to touch your face. Encourage them to make the sounds with you.

The science bit: Your voice is one of your child’s favourite things to listen to. Having back and forth ‘conversations’ with your child encourages communication, using sounds and actions to “talk” to you. When you play with words and sounds together, you build language skills and show them how much fun learning can be!

Try this… #SING

0–6 months: Use one of the song cards/nursery rhyme books to sing with your baby. Pay attention to how they tell you they want more singing. Do they turn their head toward you? Smile? Move? What do they do to say “enough”? Cry? Turn away? Take note of how to respond to their cues now and in the future!

6–12 months: Is your child making lots of sounds? Talk back to them by repeating their sounds or describing what they’re doing using a sing-song voice. Do they respond by kicking their feet, waving their arms or making more sounds? Together, you’re telling your own sing-song story!

12–18 months: Make up a silly song about your child. You can sing something like, “Here is your little arm. Here is your little leg.” As they get older, you can sing about their left elbow or right hand and encourage them to sing along.

18–24 months: When sharing a song with your child, place them on your lap and move their body to the rhythms and words in the song. You can bounce, wiggle, or move from side to side with them as you sing. Occasionally stop your movements and watch how they respond. Do they smile, clap or ask for more? Do it again!

The science bit: Children’s brains are wired to hear you talk in a sing-song voice. When you talk slowly and stretch the sounds out in a musical way, their eyes light up and their heart rates increase. Toddlers who hear sing-song voices smile more often—proof that YOU are making connections and building a brain!

Try this… #PLAY

0–6 months: Put your baby on their back or tummy and shake something that makes noise, like keys. Do they follow the sound with their eyes or head? What do they do when you shake fast or slow? If they do something, copy that action or sound and have a conversation without words.

6–12 months: Gently blow on your child’s face and hair. Ask them, “Do you feel the wind?” Notice if they seem to like the sensation. If so, blow with long and short breaths. Make your pauses in between long and short, too. How long can you and your baby play?

12–18 months: Hold your child facing you and gently sway them back and forth, saying: “Tick tock, tick tock, little cuckoo clock. Now it’s striking one! Cuckoo!” Bounce them up and down once. Now have the clock strike two, saying “cuckoo” twice and bounce twice. Add more verses with higher numbers!

18–24 months: With a piece of clothing or a towel, cover your child’s toes. Ask them, “Where are your toes?” Wait and see how they respond. Do they look at you? Kick or point at their feet? Quickly uncover their toes and say, “There they are!” Do this with different parts of their body.

The science bit: By playing these games you’re creating a fun space for learning while building a caring and trusting relationship with your child. You’re also helping your baby learn to control their attention, an ability that develops focus and self-control.

Tiny Happy People

"Across the UK, 20% of children are starting school with a language delay, rising to 40% in areas of high social deprivation in England and over 50% in Scotland."

Launching in early 2020, Tiny Happy People is BBC Education's most ambitious and exciting initiative to date.

Over the coming years, we want to halve the language gap among children aged under 5 across the UK. At the heart of our plan is a simple behaviour change - getting parents to talk to their children from a very early age.

We’re taking a multi-platform approach, serving our messages and resources to young parents and carers through broadcast, social media and online platforms, and childcare and healthcare settings on the ground.

We’ve already been exploring the impact of this strategy. In a recent pilot, 96% of parents said they would use our resources again and 92% of healthcare professionals said they would recommend our resources to parents.

It's a huge task that we can't achieve alone, so we're inviting you to join us and those already working with us on our joint mission. Whoever you are – big, small, commercial, charitable, not-for-profit – we’d like you to get in touch so that we can continue the conversation and find out how we can do this together

Films for parents and healthcare professionals


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